"Sumer." YourDictionary, n.d. Web. 18 October 2018. <http://www.yourdictionary.com/Sumer>.
Sumer. (n.d.). Retrieved October 18th, 2018, from http://www.yourdictionary.com/Sumer
An ancient country of southern Mesopotamia in present-day southern Iraq. Archaeological evidence dates the beginnings of Sumer to the fifth millennium BC. By 3000 a flourishing civilization existed, which gradually exerted power over the surrounding area and culminated in the Akkadian dynasty, founded c. 2300 by Sargon I. Sumer declined after 2000 and was later absorbed by Babylonia and Assyria. The Sumerians are believed to have invented the cuneiform system of writing.
King, History of Sumer and Akkad (1910), which appeared after this article was written.
Opposed to Kengi and Sumer were Urra (Uri) and Akkad or northern Babylonia.
Sumer has been supposed to be the original of the Biblical Shinar; but Shinar represented northern rather than southern Babylonia, and was probably the Sankhar of the Tell el-Amarna tablets (but see Sumer).
King, A History of Sumer and Akkad (1910).
The early Kaldi had seized and held from very ancient times the region of old Sumer, which was the centre of the primitive non-Semitic culture.