An example of sue is filing a claim against a cafe for putting scalding coffee on the table to drink.
transitive verbsued, su′ing
- to appeal to; petition; beseech
- Archaic to be a suitor of; woo
- to petition (a court) for legal redress
- to bring civil action against or prosecute in a court of law in seeking justice or redress of wrongs
- to carry (an action) through to its final decision
Origin of sueMiddle English suen from Old French sivre, suir from Vulgar Latin an unverified form sequere, for Classical Latin sequi, to follow: see sequent
- to make an appeal; petition; plead (for or to)
- Archaic to pay suit; woo
- to institute legal proceedings in court; bring suit
verbsued, su·ing, sues
- Law To initiate or pursue legal proceedings against (another party).
- Archaic To court; woo.
- Obsolete To make a petition to; appeal to; beseech.
- Law To initiate or pursue legal proceedings; bring suit.
- To make an appeal or entreaty: “When you have gone too far to recede, do not sue to me for leniency” ( Charles Dickens )
- Archaic To pursue a courtship; woo.
Origin of sueMiddle English sewen from Anglo-Norman suer from Vulgar Latin sequere to follow from Latin sequī ; see sekw-1 in Indo-European roots.
(third-person singular simple present sues, present participle suing, simple past and past participle sued)
- 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, III.iv:
- though oft looking backward, well she vewd, / Her selfe freed from that foster insolent, / And that it was a knight, which now her sewd, / Yet she no lesse the knight feard, then that villein rude.
- To file a legal action against someone, generally a non-criminal action.
- To seek by request; to make application; to petition; to entreat; to plead.
- (falconry, of a hawk) To clean (the beak, etc.).
- (nautical) To leave high and dry on shore.
- to sue a ship
- (informal) A Mary Sue (type of character in fiction).