to wrench or twist a ligament or muscle of (a joint, as the ankle) without dislocating the bones
Origin of sprainfrom uncertain or unknown; perhaps Old French espreindre, to force out, strain from Vulgar Latin an unverified form expremere, for Classical Latin exprimere: see express
- an act of spraining
- the resulting condition, characterized by swelling, pain, and disablement of the joint
- A painful wrenching or laceration of the ligaments of a joint.
- The condition resulting from a sprain.
transitive verbsprained, sprain·ing, sprains
To cause a sprain to (a joint or ligament).
Origin of sprainOrigin unknown
- The act or result of spraining; lameness caused by spraining; as, a bad sprain of the wrist.
(third-person singular simple present sprains, present participle spraining, simple past and past participle sprained)