Flagellare, to whip), in religion, the name given to those who scourge themselves, or are scourged, by way of discipline or penance.
The king and his courtiers joined in the processions in the garb of penitents, and scourged themselves with ostentation.
He was scourged and only escaped with his life at the intercession of Onias the high priest, who had pleaded with him vainly that the treasure included the deposits of widows and orphans and also some belonging to Hyrcanus, " a man in very high position."
Jewesses were forced to eat pork and the elders were scourged in the theatre.
Seven hours a day he spent on his knees in prayer and three times a day he scourged his emaciated body.