From Middle English scathe, from Old English sceaÃ¾a (also sceaÃ¾u) ("scathe, harm, injury"), from Proto-Germanic *skaÃ¾Ã´ (“damage, scathe"), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kÄ“t- (“damage, harm").
(third-person singular simple present scathes, present participle scathing, simple past and past participle scathed)
- (archaic) To injure.
From Middle English scathen, skathen, from Old English sceaÃ¾an, scaÃ¾an (“to scathe, hurt, harm, injure") and Old Norse skaÃ°a (“to hurt"); both from Proto-Germanic *skaÃ¾ÅnÄ… (“to injure"). Cognate with Danish skade, German schaden, Swedish skada; compare Gothic ðƒðŒºðŒ°ðŒ¸ðŒ¾ðŒ°ðŒ½ (skaÃ¾jan), Old Norse skeÃ°ja (“to hurt"). Compare Ancient Greek á¼€ÏƒÎºÎ·Î¸Î®Ï‚ (askÄ“thÄ“s, “unhurt"), Albanian shkathÃ«t (“skillful, adept, clever"), Polish skaleczyÄ‡ (“to hurt, scathe").