- Salt is sodium chloride, a white crystal found in sea water which is used for preserving and seasoning food.
An example of salt is what is found in a shaker on the table of most restaurants along with pepper.
Salt in a salt shaker.
- sodium chloride, NaCl, a white, crystalline substance with a characteristic taste, found in natural beds, in sea water, etc., and used for seasoning and preserving foods, etc.
- a chemical compound derived from an acid by replacing hydrogen, wholly or partly, with a metal or an electropositive radical: the salt of an -ous acid is usually indicated by the suffix -ite, the salt of an -ic acid by the suffix -ate
- that which lends a tang or piquancy; esp., sharp pungent humor or wit
- any of various mineral salts used as a cathartic, as Epsom salts, or to soften bath water, as a restorative, etc.
- Informal a sailor, esp. an experienced one
Origin of saltMiddle English ; from Old English sealt, akin to German salz ; from Indo-European base an unverified form sal-, salt from source Classical Latin sal, Classical Greek hāls, salt, Sanskrit salila, salty
- containing salt
- preserved with salt
- tasting or smelling of salt
- Now Rare pungent or biting
- flooded with salt water
- growing in salt water
- to sprinkle or season with salt
- to preserve with salt or in a salt solution
- to provide with salt
- to treat with salt in chemical processes
- to season or give a tang to: to salt a speech with wit
- to give artificial value to; specif.,
- to alter (books, prices, etc.) in order to give false value
- ☆ to scatter minerals or ores in (a mine), put oil in (a well), etc. in order to deceive prospective buyers
above (or below) the salt
salt awayor salt down
- to pack and preserve with salt
- ☆ Informal to store or save (money, etc.)
salt of the earth
Origin of saltsee Matt. 5:13 any person or persons regarded as the finest, noblest, etc.
with a grain of saltor with a pinch of salt
Origin of saltLatinized as cum grano salis with some doubt, allowance for exaggeration, etc.; skeptically
worth one's salt
- A colorless or white crystalline solid, chiefly sodium chloride, used extensively in ground or granulated form as a food seasoning and preservative. Also called common salt, table salt.
- An ionic chemical compound formed by replacing all or part of the hydrogen ions of an acid with metal ions or other cations.
- salts Any of various mineral salts used as laxatives or cathartics.
- salts Smelling salts.
- often salts Epsom salts.
- An element that gives flavor or zest.
- Sharp lively wit.
- Informal A sailor, especially when old or experienced.
- A saltcellar.
- Containing or filled with salt: a salt spray; salt tears.
- Having a salty taste or smell: breathed the salt air.
- Preserved in salt or a salt solution: salt mackerel.
- a. Flooded with seawater.b. Found in or near such a flooded area: salt grasses.
transitive verbsalt·ed, salt·ing, salts
- To add, treat, season, or sprinkle with salt.
- To cure or preserve by treating with salt or a salt solution.
- To provide salt for (deer or cattle).
- To add zest or liveliness to: salt a lecture with anecdotes.
- To give an appearance of value to by fraudulent means, especially to place valuable minerals in (a mine) for the purpose of deceiving.
Origin of saltMiddle English, from Old English sealt; see sal- in Indo-European roots.
- A common substance, chemically consisting mainly of sodium chloride (NaCl), used extensively as a condiment and preservative.
- (chemistry) One of the compounds formed from the reaction of an acid with a base, where a positive ion replaces a hydrogen of the acid.
- (uncommon) A salt marsh, a saline marsh at the shore of a sea.
- (slang) A sailor (also old salt).
- (cryptography) Randomly chosen bytes added to a plaintext message prior to encrypting it, in order to render brute-force decryption more difficult.
- A person who seeks employment at a company in order to (once employed by it) help unionize it.
- (figuratively) That which preserves from corruption or error, or purifies; a corrective; an antiseptic; also, an allowance or deduction.
- His statements must be taken with a grain of salt.
(comparative more salt, superlative most salt)
(third-person singular simple present salts, present participle salting, simple past and past participle salted)
- To add salt to.
- to salt fish, beef, or pork
- (intransitive) To deposit salt as a saline solution.
- The brine begins to salt.
- (mining) To blast gold into (as a portion of a mine) in order to cause to appear to be a productive seam.
- (cryptography) To add filler bytes before encrypting, in order to make brute-force decryption more resource-intensive.
- To include colorful language in.
- To insert or inject something into an object to give it properties it would not naturally have.
- (archaeology) To add bogus evidence to an archeological site.
- To fill with salt between the timbers and planks, as a ship, for the preservation of the timber.
- (add salt): desalt
From Old English sealt, from Proto-Germanic *saltą (compare Dutch zout, German Salz, Swedish salt), from Proto-Indo-European *seh₂l- (compare French sel, Welsh halen, Old Irish salann, Latin sal, Russian соль (sol'), Ancient Greek ἅλς (háls), Albanian ngjelmë (“salty, savory”), Old Armenian աղ (ał), Tocharian A sāle, Sanskrit सलिल (salila)).
salt - Computer Definition
(1) (Speech Application Language Tags) Extensions to HTML, XHTML and XML for voice recognition and synthesized speech and audio output. SALT is designed to support mixed modes including audio, video, text and graphics, depending on the device in the user's hands. For more information, visit the SALT Forum at www.saltforum.org.
(2) (salt) In cryptography, a random number that is added to the encryption key or to a password to protect them from disclosure. See cryptography.