protocol[prōt′ə kôl′, -käl′, -kōl′]
- Protocol is defined as the rules and customs of a group or a standard procedure.
An example of protocol is the method by which a learning center must document their students' progress.
- an original draft or record of a document, negotiation, etc.
Origin of protocolFr protocole
- a diplomatic agreement, esp. one that amends, clarifies, or adds to a treaty
- the code of ceremonial forms and courtesies, of precedence, etc. accepted as proper and correct in official dealings, as between heads of states or diplomatic officials
- in science and medicine, a formal set of rules and procedures to be followed during a particular research experiment, course of treatment, etc.
- a set of rules governing the communication and the transfer of data between machines, as in a computer system
Origin of protocolEarly Modern English prothocoll ; from Middle French prothocole ; from Medieval Latin protocollum ; from Late Greek prōtokollon, first leaf glued to a manuscript (describing the contents) ; from Classical Greek prōto-, proto- + kolla, glue
- a. The forms of ceremony and etiquette observed by diplomats and heads of state.b. A code of correct conduct: safety protocols; academic protocol.
- The first copy of a treaty or other such document before its ratification.
- A preliminary draft or record of a transaction.
- The plan for a course of medical treatment or for a scientific experiment.
- Computers A standard procedure for regulating data transmission between computers.
intransitive verbpro·to·coled, pro·to·col·ing, pro·to·cols or pro·to·colled or pro·to·col·ling
Origin of protocolFrench protocole, from Old French prothocolle, draft of a document, from Medieval Latin prōtocollum, from Late Greek prōtokollon, table of contents, first sheet : Greek prōto-, proto- + Greek kollēma, sheets of a papyrus glued together (from kollān, to glue together, from kolla, glue).
- pro′to·col′ar , pro′to·col′a·ry
- (now chiefly historical) The minutes, or official record, of a negotiation or transaction; especially a document drawn up officially which forms the legal basis for subsequent agreements based on it. [from 15th c.]
- (international law, now rare) An official record of a diplomatic meeting or negotiation; later specifically, a draft document setting out agreements to be signed into force by a subsequent formal treaty. [from 17th c.]
- (international law) An amendment to an official treaty. [from 19th c.]
- The first leaf of a roll of papyrus, or the official mark typically found on such a page. [from 19th c.]
- The official formulas which appeared at the beginning or end of certain official documents such as charters, papal bulls etc. [from 19th c.]
- (sciences) The original notes of observations made during an experiment; also, the precise method for carrying out or reproducing a given experiment. [from 19th c.]
- The official rules and guidelines for heads of state and other dignitaries, governing accepted behaviour in relations with other diplomatic representatives or over affairs of state. [from 19th c.]
- (by extension) An accepted code of conduct; acceptable behaviour in a given situation or group. [from 20th c.]
- (computing) A set of formal rules describing how to transmit or exchange data, especially across a network. [from 20th c.]
- (medicine) The set of instructions allowing a licensed medical professional to start, modify, or stop a medical or patient care order. [from 20th c.]
(third-person singular simple present protocols, present participle protocoling or protocolling, simple past and past participle protocoled or protocolled)
- (obsolete) To make a protocol of.
- (obsolete, intransitive) To make or write protocols, or first drafts; to issue protocols.
From Middle French protocolle, protocole (“document, record”), and its source, Late Latin protocollum (“the first sheet of a volume (on which contents and errata were written)”), from Byzantine Greek πρωτόκολλον (“first sheet glued onto a manuscript”), from πρῶτος (prōtos, “first”) + κόλλα (kolla, “glue”).
protocol - Computer Definition
From the Greek protokollon, for a leaf of paper glued to a manuscript volume and describing its contents. The rules and conventions for exchanging information between computers or across computer networks. Protocols comprise conventions that, at a basic level, commonly include the dimensions of line setup, transmission mode, code set, and non-data exchanges of information such as error control. Protocols have two major functions: handshaking and line discipline.
A set of rules governing how communications between two programs have to take place to be considered valid. It describes various ways of achieving and operating compatibility.