They desired equal rights for all citizens, the abolition of monopolies and abuses, together with the maintenance of the state's independence.
The government monopolies of opium and salt were then for the first time placed upon a remunerative basis.
Despite these monopolies, three-fourths of the shipping in French ports is foreign, and France is without shipping companies comparable in importance to those of other great maritime nations.
The monopolies are those of salt, tobacco and the lottery.
The annual surpluses are largely accounted for by the heavy taxation on almost everything imported into the country, i and by the monopolies on tobacco and on salt; and are as a rule spent, and well spent, in other ways.