He returned to Aberdeen to paint landscapes and portraits for any trifling sum which his work could command.
His early landscapes were conscientiously painted in the open air and on the spot.
One peculiar feature of the mountain landscapes are the mines.
The botanical garden, with its large palm-house, the Hofgarten, surrounded with arcades containing frescoes of Greek landscapes by Rottmann, and the Maximilian park to the east of the Isar, complete the list of public parks.
The chief motives were landscapes of a peculiarly wild and romantic type, animal life, trees and flowers, and figtire compositions drawn from Chinese and Buddhist history and Taoist legend; and these, together with the grand aims and strange shortcomings of its principles and the limited range of its methods, were adopted almost without change by Japan.