- When a home builder digs a big hole to create the basement of a house, this is an example of when he excavates.
- When scientists carefully dig up dirt because they believe important artifacts are buried underneath, this is an example of when they excavate.
Excavate is defined as to dig a hole, or to uncover and remove something from the ground.
- to make a hole or cavity in, as by digging; hollow out
- to form by hollowing out; dig: to excavate a tunnel
- to uncover or expose by digging; unearth: to excavate ancient ruins
- to dig out (earth, soil, etc.)
Origin of excavate; from Classical Latin excavatus, past participle of excavare ; from ex-, out + cavare, to make hollow ; from cavus, hollow: see cave
to make an excavation
verbex·ca·vat·ed, ex·ca·vat·ing, ex·ca·vates
- To make a hole in; hollow out: excavate an ore-rich hillside.
- To form by hollowing out.
- To remove by digging or scooping out.
- To expose or uncover by or as if by digging: excavate an archaeological site.
To engage in digging, hollowing out, or removing.
Origin of excavateLatin excavare, excavat-, to hollow out : ex-, ex- + cavare, to hollow (from cavus, hollow; see keu&schwa;- in Indo-European roots).
(third-person singular simple present excavates, present participle excavating, simple past and past participle excavated)