Large cemeteries have been excavated, which show three different periods from the 8th century B.C. down to the Roman domination.
Their arid country was the best safeguard of their cherished liberty; for the bottle-shaped cisterns for rain-water which they excavated in the rocky or argillaceous soil were carefully concealed from invaders.
Aurelius by the Senatus Fidenatium, was excavated in 1889.
He also excavated the holy tank from which the town derives its name of Amrita Turas, or Pool of Immortality.
Owing to the fact that the site is largely covered with sand and to the absence of any later alterations, the preservation of the buildings excavated is very good, and Ostia is, - with the exception of Pompeii, the best example in Italy of a town of the Roman period.
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