For the city of Rome he did much; ancient buildings were excavated and preserved by his direction; chairs of natural science and archaeology were founded in the university; and extensive purchases were made for the Vatican museum, which was augmented by the addition of the beautiful Braccio Nuovo, or new wing.
Large cemeteries have been excavated, which show three different periods from the 8th century B.C. down to the Roman domination.
Their arid country was the best safeguard of their cherished liberty; for the bottle-shaped cisterns for rain-water which they excavated in the rocky or argillaceous soil were carefully concealed from invaders.
Aurelius by the Senatus Fidenatium, was excavated in 1889.
He also excavated the holy tank from which the town derives its name of Amrita Turas, or Pool of Immortality.
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