When a home builder digs a big hole to create the basement of a house, this is an example of when he excavates.
When scientists carefully dig up dirt because they believe important artifacts are buried underneath, this is an example of when they excavate.
Excavate an ore-rich hillside.
Excavate an archaeological site.
To excavate a tunnel.
To excavate ancient ruins.
Origin of excavate
- Latin excavāre excavāt- to hollow out ex- ex- cavāre to hollow (from cavus hollow keuə- in Indo-European roots)
From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition