This diplomatic difficulty prevented the conclusion of a commercial treaty between China and Portugal for a long time, but an arrangement for a treaty was come to in 1887 on the following basis: (1) China confirmed perpetual occupation and government of Macao and its dependencies by Portugal; (2) Portugal engaged never to alienate Macao and its dependencies without the consent of China; (3) Portugal engaged to co-operate in opium revenue work at Macao in the same way as Great Britain at Hong-Kong.
Alike in political and commercial affairs they were for all practical purposes dependencies of France.
Scattered as are the colonies and dependencies over the world, the date found most suitable for the inquiry in the mother country and the temperate regions of the north is the opposite in the tropics and inconvenient at the antipodes.
During the vigour of the Delhi empire Banswara formed one of its dependencies; on its decline the state passed under the Mahrattas.
All dependencies and colonies, including Prussia and Livonia, were to belong to Poland and Lithuania in common.