- The definition of counterfactual is something that is contrary to the truth or that did not actually occur.
When Brian was the one responsible for stealing the car and you instead tell the story as if Joe was responsible for stealing the car, this is an example of a time when you give a counterfactual account of events.
- A counterfactual is defined as a statement that is not true.
In the sentence "If dogs had no ears, they could not hear" the statement "if dogs had no ears" is an example of a counterfactual because dogs DO have ears..
counter- + factual