conspiracy[kən spir′ə sē]
- The definition of a conspiracy is a secret plan to do something, or is the action of creating a secret plot.
A secret plan to overthrow the government is an example of aconspiracy.
- a planning and acting together secretly, esp. for an unlawful or harmful purpose, such as murder or treason
- the plan agreed on; plot
- the group taking part in such a plan
- a combining or working together: the conspiracy of events
Origin of conspiracyMiddle English conspiracie, probably via Medieval Latin conspirancia ; from Classical Latin conspirare: see conspire
- An agreement to perform together an illegal, wrongful, or subversive act.
- A group of conspirators.
- Law An agreement between two or more persons to commit a crime or accomplish a legal purpose through illegal action.
- A joining or acting together, as if by sinister design: a conspiracy of wind and tide that devastated coastal areas.
Origin of conspiracyMiddle English conspiracie, from Anglo-Norman, probably alteration of Old French conspiration, from Latin cōnspīrātiō, cōnspīrātiōn-, from cōnspīrātus, past participle of cōnspīrāre, to conspire; see conspire.
conspiracy - Legal Definition
- An agreement or combination by two or more individuals to commit a crime or to commit a lawful act by unlawful means. Making the agreement is a crime, even if the unlawful act that is planned is never performed, but most states require overt action by one of the conspirators to further the conspiracy before the making of the agreement becomes criminal. A conspiracy to harm someone is also a tort. Also called partnership in crime. See also tortfeasor, concert of action rule, accessory, accomplice, aid and abet, attempt, connivance, conscious parallelism, and solicitation.
- Two or more individuals acting together to commit a crime or to commit a lawful act by unlawful means even if they are not aware of each other’s participation or role in the conspiracy. For example, Smith and Jones prepare to commit a crime. Jones enlists Adam’s help. Even though Adams and Smith are unaware of each other’s participation, there is a conspiracy between the two to commit the crime and they will be held liable for each other’s actions.