He had already succeeded in partially pacifying them, when one of their colonels began to abuse the still hesitating and suspicious musketeers.
The latter continued the Pamir triangulation, which had been carried across the Hindu Kush by Colonels Sir T.
The administration of kazas, or cantons, was usually entrusted to the cadis and the holders of the more important fiefs; the sanjaks, or departments, were ruled by alai beys or mir-i-livas (colonels or brigadiers), pashas with one horsetail; the vilayets, or provinces, by beylerbeys or mir-i-mirans (lord of lords), pashas with two horse-tails; these were all originally military officers, who, in addition to their administrative functions, were charged with the duty of mustering and commanding the feudal levies in war time.
More than 1,200 officers, among them 153 generals and colonels, were dismissed by Enver in one day.
The former, described as Chaplains to the Forces, hold commissions, serving throughout the empire except in India: they include a Chaplain-General who ranks as a majorgeneral, and four classes of subordinate chaplains who rank respectively as colonels, lieutenant-colonels, majors and captains.