Origin of chimpanzeeFrench chimpanzé ; from Bantu (Angola) kampenzi
- Either of two African apes of the genus Pan, having black hair, a bare face, somewhat arboreal habits, and a high degree of intelligence.
- The common chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes), of equatorial central and western Africa, having a stockier build than the bonobo (P. paniscus).
Origin of chimpanzeePortuguese, from Vili (Bantu language of Congo) ci-mpenzi.
The first use of the name chimpanzee did not occur until 1738. The name is derived from a Tshiluba language term kivili-chimpenze, which is the local name for the animal and translates loosely as mockman or possibly just ape.