Buddhism arose in countries where Sanskrit was never more than a learned tongue, and where the exclusive claims of the Brahmins had never been universally admitted.
The two dominant sections of the population are the Namburi Brahmins and the Nairs or military caste.
Shortly after the Buddha's time the Brahmins had their sutras in Sanskrit, already a dead language.
But Brahmins by birth (not necessarily sacrificial priests, for they followed all sorts of occupations) were trying to oust the nobles from the highest grade.
But the philhellenic Brahmins in Philostratus' life of Apollonius had no existence outside the world of romance, and the statement of Dio Chrysostom that the Indians were familiar with Homer in their own tongue (Or.