- The definition of botany is the study of plant life, or the plant life and vegetation of a particular area.
When a scientist studies plants in the rain forest, this is an example of studying botany.
- the branch of biology that studies plants, their life, structure, growth, classification, etc.
- the plant life of an area
- the characteristics or properties of a plant or plant group
Origin of botanybotan(ical) + -y
- a. The science or study of plants.b. A book or scholarly work on this subject.
- The plant life of a particular area: the botany of the Ohio River valley.
- The characteristic features and biology of a particular kind of plant or plant group.
Origin of botanyBack-formation from earlier botanic, botanical, from Late Latin botanicus; see botanical.
agrostology the branch of systematic botany that studies grasses. Also called graminology. —agrostologist, n. —agrostologic, agrostological, adj. algology the branch of botany that studies seaweeds and algae. Also called phycology. —algologist, n. —algological, adj. ampelography the branch of botany that studies the cultivation of grapes. —ampelographer, n. anamorphosis an abnormal change in the form of a plant that falsely gives it the appearance of a different species. —anamorphic, adj. anisotropy the state or condition of certain flowers or plants of having different dimensions along different axes. See also physics. —anisotropic, adj. batology the branch of botany that studies brambles. —batologist, n. bisymmetry in botany, the condition of having two planes of symmetry at right angles to one another. —bisymmetric, bisymmetrical, adj. botany a major division of biology that studies all plant life. Also called phytology. —botanist, n. —botanical, adj. bryology the branch of botany that studies mosses and liverworts. —bryologist, n. caprification the pollination process of figs, in which fig wasps, attracted by the caprifigs, or inedible fig-fruit, pollinate the figs. —caprificator, n. caricologist a person who specializes in the study of sedges. carpology the branch of botany that studies the structure of fruits and seeds. —carpologist, n. —carpological, adj. chromatism abnormal coloration in parts of a plant that are usually green. See also color. cryptogamist one proficient in cryptogamic botany, i.e., the study of plants, as ferns and mosses, that have no true flowers or seeds. dendrology the branch of botany that studies trees. —dendrologist, n. —dendrologic, dendrological, adj. epiphytology the study of the character, ecology, and causes of plant diseases, as blight, which destroy a large number of susceptible plants in a large area simultaneously. —epiphytologist, n. ethnobotany a specialty in botany that studies the lore and uses of plants as illustrative of the customs of a (usually primitive) society. —ethnobotanist, n. —ethnobotanic, ethnobotanical, adj. filicology the study of ferns. Cf. pteridology. —filicologist. n. fungology the scientific study of fungi. —fungologist, n. —fungological, adj. graminology agrostology. —graminologist, n. —graminologic, graminological, adj. herbalist Obsolete, a descriptive botanist. See also plants. herbarian, herbarist Obsolete, a herbalist. herbarism Obsolete, botany. herbarium a collection of dried plants, assembled and arranged for botanical study. lichenology the study of lichens. —lichenologist, n. —lichenologic, lichenological, adj. Linneanism a system of botanical nomenclature following the binomial procedures established by Swedish botanist Carl von Linné. —Linnaean, Linnean, adj. muscology the study of mosses. —muscologist, n. mycology 1. the branch of botany that studies fungi. 2. a catalogue of the fungi found in a specific area. —mycologist, n. —mycologie, mycological, adj. orchidology the branch of botany or horticulture that studies orchids. —orchidologist, n. phycography a scientific description of seaweed. —phycographic, adj. phycology algology. —phycologist, n. phylum any of the basic divisions of the plant or animal kingdom. Cf. phylon. phytogenesis the science and history of the development of plants. Also phytogeny. —phytogenetic, phytogenetical, adj. phytogeography the study of plants according to their geographical distribution. —phytogeographer, n. —phytogeographic, phytogeographical, adj. phytography the branch of botany that studies plant measurement and plant taxonomy. —phytographer, phytographist, n. —phytographic, phytographical, adj. phytology botany. phytosociology the branch of ecology that studies the interrelations of plants and plant communities. —phytosociologist, n. —phytosociologic, phytosociological. adj. pomology 1. the branch of botany that studies the cultivation of fruit. 2. the science of growing, storing, and processing fruit. —pomologist, n. pteridography the systematic description of ferns. pteridology the branch of botany that studies ferns. Cf. filicology. —pteridologist, n. Schwendenerism the theory that lichens are parasitic fungi growing upon algae, first advanced by the German botanist S. Schwendener. sphagnology the study of the sphagnum mosses. —sphagnologist, n. stirpiculture selective breeding to develop strains with particular characteristics. —stirpicultural, adj. symphyogenesis production by union of elements that were formerly separate. —symphyogenetic, adj. tautonym a botanical or zoological name in which two terms are combined, the generic name and the specific, with both being the same. (a practice no longer approved by the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature.) uredinology a branch of mycology that studies rusts. —uredinologist, n.
(countable and uncountable, plural botanies)
- (uncountable) The scientific study of plants, a branch of biology. Typically those disciplines that involve the whole plant.
- The plant life, or the properties and life phenomena exhibited by a plant, plant type, or plant group.
- (countable) A botanical treatise or study, especially of a particular system of botany or that of a particular place.
First attested in 1696: Back-formation from botanic..