- Archaic apparatus, as catapults or arbalests, for hurling heavy missiles
- guns of large caliber, too heavy to carry; mounted guns (excluding machine guns), as cannons or missile launchers: artillery may be mobile, stationary, or mounted on ships, airplanes, etc.
- the science of guns; gunnery
Origin of artilleryMiddle English ; from Old French artillerie ; from artillier (prob. altered by associated, association with arte, art) ; from atillier, to equip; dissimilated variant, variety of atirier: see attire
the branch of an army specializing in the use of heavy mounted guns
- Large-caliber weapons, such as cannon, howitzers, and missile launchers, that are operated by crews.
- The branch of an army that specializes in the use of such weapons.
- The science of the use of guns; gunnery.
- Weapons, such as catapults, arbalests, and other early devices, used for discharging missiles.
Origin of artilleryMiddle English artillerie, from Old French, from artillier, to equip, perhaps alteration of atiller, from Vulgar Latin *apticulare, from Latin aptare, to fit, adapt, from aptus, apt; see apt.
- Large cannon like weapons, transportable and usually operated by more than one person.
- An army unit that uses such weapons.
Middle English artillerie, from Old French artillerie.