Violin definition

vīə-lĭn
Frequency:
Designating the modern family of stringed instruments played with a bow, characterized by four strings tuned in fifths, a lack of frets, a somewhat rounded back, and f-shaped sound holes.
adjective
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The smallest and highest-pitched instrument of this family, held horizontally under the chin, resting against the collarbone; fiddle.
noun
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(music) A musical four-string instrument, generally played with a bow or by plucking the string. Pitch is set by pressing the strings at the appropriate place with the fingers.
noun
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(music) A violinist.

The first violin often plays the lead melody lines in a string quartet.

noun
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A stringed instrument played with a bow, having four strings tuned at intervals of a fifth, an unfretted fingerboard, and a shallower body than the viol and capable of great flexibility in range, tone, and dynamics.
noun
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Other Word Forms

Noun

Singular:
violin
Plural:
violins

Origin of violin

  • Italian violino diminutive of viola viola viola1

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • From Italian violino, diminutive form of viola with diminutive suffix -ino

    From Wiktionary