(dated) A liquid measure and dry measure; especially, a liquid measure in Belgium and Holland, corresponding to the hectolitre of the metric system, which contains 22.01 imperial gallons, or 26.4 standard gallons in the United States. (The old Dutch grain vat averaged 0.762 Winchester bushel. The old London coal vat contained 9 bushels. The solid-measurement vat of Amsterdam contains 40 cubic feet; the wine vat, 241.57 imperial gallons, and the vat for olive oil, 225.45 imperial gallons.)
To blend (wines or spirits) in a vat.
Other Word Forms of Vat
Origin of Vat
From Middle English vat, a variant of fat (“vat, vessel, cask"), from Old English fæt (“vat, vessel, jar, cup; casket; division "), from Proto-Germanic *fatÄ… (“vessel"), from Proto-Indo-European *pod- (“vessel"). Cognate with Scots fat, vat, vautt (“vat, cask, tub"), West Frisian fet, Dutch vat (“barrel, cask, vessel, vat"), German Fass (“barrel, keg, drum, cask, vat"), Danish fad (“saucer, dish"), Swedish fat (“dish, barrel, cask, vat"), Icelandic fat (“dish, saucer"). See fat.
Middle English variant of fat from Old English fæt
From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition
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