Sultan definition

sŭltən
Frequency:
A ruler of a Muslim country, especially of the former Ottoman Empire.
noun
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A powerful person.

A sultan of vice and corruption.

noun
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A Muslim ruler.
noun
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The former monarch of Turkey.
noun
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Originally, a secular office, formally subordinate to -, but de facto the power behind the throne of the (theoretically universal) caliph.
noun
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A hereditary ruler in various Muslim states (sultanate), varying from petty principalities (as in Indonesia and in Yemen), often vassal of a greater ruler, to independent realms, such as Oman, Brunei, or an empire such as the Turkish Ottoman Empire.
noun
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(card games) A variant of solitaire, played with two decks of cards.
noun
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A breed of chicken originating in Turkey, kept primarily in gardens for ornamental reasons. See: sultan (chicken)
noun
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Other Word Forms

Noun

Singular:
sultan
Plural:
sultans

Origin of sultan

  • French from Old French ruler of Turkey from Turkish from Arabic sulṭān from Aramaic šulṭānā ruler from šəlaṭ to rule šlṭ in Semitic roots

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • From French sultan, from Turkish sultan, from Arabic سُلْطَانٌ (sulṭān), from Aramaic שולטנא (Å¡ulṭānā, “strength, authority") (compare Hebrew שִׁלְטוֹן (shiltón)). Compare soldan.

    From Wiktionary