Caliph definitions

kā'lĭf, kăl'ĭf
A leader of an Islamic polity, regarded as a successor of Muhammad and by tradition always male.
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Supreme ruler: the title taken by Muhammad's successors as secular and religious heads of Islam.
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The political leader of the Muslim world, successor of Muhammad's political authority, not religious or spiritual.

Ahmadis call their Caliph the Khalifatul Masih.

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Origin of caliph

Middle English calife from Old French from Arabic ḫalīfa successor (to Muhammad), caliph from ḫalafa to succeed ḫlp in Semitic roots