Caliph definition

kālĭf, kălĭf
Frequency:
A leader of an Islamic polity, regarded as a successor of Muhammad and by tradition always male.
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Supreme ruler: the title taken by Muhammad's successors as secular and religious heads of Islam.
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The political leader of the Muslim world, successor of Muhammad's political authority, not religious or spiritual.

Ahmadis call their Caliph the Khalifatul Masih.

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Alternative Forms

Alternative Form of caliph - calif, kalif, kaliph

Other Word Forms

Noun

Singular:
caliph
Plural:
caliphs

Origin of caliph

  • Middle English calife from Old French from Arabic ḫalīfa successor (to Muhammad), caliph from ḫalafa to succeed ḫlp in Semitic roots

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • From Old French caliphe, from Medieval Latin califa, from Arabic خليف (khalīf) - successor.

    From Wiktionary