Any of several tall often hybrid grasses of the Asian genus Saccharum, widely cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions for their thick, solid, tough stems, which are the chief commercial source of sugar.
A very tall, perennial, tropical grass (Saccharum officinarum) cultivated as the main source of sugar.
Maize and sugar-cane are grown in New South Wales and Queensland..
The principal crops are wheat, pulse, maize, millet, with some cotton and sugar-cane.
But to keep sugar-cane, or indigo, or cotton alive in summer before the monsoon sets in in India or the Nile rises in Egypt the field should be watered every ten days or fortnight, while rice requires a constant supply of water passing over it.
" There can be no reasonable doubt that the sugar-cane, which is native and present in a great many varieties, sago, cotton, probably also indigenous and of exceptionally fine quality, will eventually be valuable " (MacGregor).
The sugar-cane flourishes, the cotton-plant ripens to perfection, date-trees are seen in the gardens, the rocks are clothed with the prickly-pear or Indian fig, the enclosures of the fields are formed by aloes and sometimes pomegranates, the liquorice-root grows wild, and the mastic, the myrtle and many varieties of oleander and cistus form the underwood of the natural forests of arbutus and evergreen oak.