An inherited chronic anemia found chiefly among black people, characterized by an abnormal red blood cell (sickle cell) containing a defective form of hemoglobin that causes the cell to become sickle-shaped when deprived of oxygen.
People with Sickle Cell Anemia often have mild jaundice which can make the whites of their eyes look yellowish.
Back to top Why might I be tested for sickle cell anemia?
The most common causes of stroke are congenital (present at birth) and acquired heart diseases, and sickle cell anemia.
In addition, there is a blood test for fifth disease, but it is generally used only for pregnant women and for people who have weakened immune systems or who suffer from blood disorders, such as sickle cell anemia.
Children with sickle cell anemia produce two abnormal hemoglobin proteins (inheriting one from each parent), which makes their red blood cells easily destructible while giving them a sickle-like shape.