Ruff meaning

rŭf
Frequency:
A distinctive collarlike projection around the neck, as of feathers on a bird or of fur on a mammal.
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A stiffly starched frilled or pleated circular collar of lace, muslin, or other fine fabric, worn by men and women in the 1500s and 1600s.
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A migratory sandpiper (Philomachus pugnax) of the Eastern Hemisphere, the male of which has collarlike, erectile feathers around the neck during the breeding season.
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The playing of a trump card when one cannot follow suit.
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An old game resembling whist.
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To trump or play a trump.
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Any of several marine fishes of the family Centrolophidae, usually having spiny dorsal fins.
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A small edible fish (Arripis georgianus) of coastal and estuarine waters of southern Australia.
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A high, frilled or pleated collar of starched muslin, lace, etc., worn by men and women in the 16th and 17th cent.
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A band of distinctively colored or protruding feathers or fur around the neck of an animal or bird.
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A Eurasian sandpiper (Philomachus pugnax), the male of which grows a large ruff during the breeding season.
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verb
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The act of trumping.
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A small, spotted, European freshwater perch (Acerina cernua)
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Any of various Atlantic butterfishes (genus Centrolophus)
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A gregarious, medium-sized wading bird of Eurasia, Philomachus pugnax; a rail.
  • A male rail. (The female is a reeve).
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Any of several freshwater fish of the genus Gymnocephalus (also Acerina), similar to perch; more commonly known as ruffe.
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A circular frill or ruffle on a garment, especially a starched, fluted frill at the neck in Elizabethan and Jacobean England.
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Anything formed with plaits or flutings, like the frill.
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(military) A low, vibrating beat of a drum, quieter than a roll; a ruffle.
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(engineering) A collar on a shaft or other piece to prevent endwise motion.
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A set of lengthened or otherwise modified feathers on or around the neck of a bird.
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verb
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(military) To beat with the ruff or ruffle, as a drum.
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(hawking) To hit (the prey) without fixing it.
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A card game similar to whist, and the predecessor of it.
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(card games) To play a trump card to a trick, other than when trumps were led.
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The bark of a dog; woof.
interjection
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Alternative form of ruffe (a fish)
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Origin of ruff

  • Middle English rowe, roffe, ruffe any of various fishes, especially Gymnocephalus cernuus perhaps from variant of rough rough rough or from Medieval Latin rufus a kind of fish (perhaps from Latin rūfus red, tawny rufous)

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • Obsolete French ronfle, roffle a kind of card game from Old French ronfle from renfler to rise re- re- enfler to cause to swell (from Latin īnflāre inflate)

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • Perhaps short for ruffle

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • Of imitative origin

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • A shortening of ruffle

    From Wiktionary

  • Onomatopoeic.

    From Wiktionary