Prism meaning

prĭzəm
Frequency:
The definition of a prism is a solid geometric object (especially one made of glass) with sides that are parallelograms and end faces that are parallel and equal in shape and size, or anything that refracts light.

An example of a prism is a glass object in a specific geometric shape that makes white light to show all the colors of the rainbow.

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A medium that misrepresents whatever is seen through it.
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A crystalline body whose lateral faces meet at edges that are parallel to each other.
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A solid figure whose bases or ends have the same size and shape and are parallel to one another, and each of whose sides is a parallelogram.
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A transparent body of this form, often of glass and usually with triangular ends, used for separating white light passed through it into a spectrum or for reflecting beams of light.
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A crystal form consisting of three or more similar faces parallel to a single axis.
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A solid figure whose ends are parallel, polygonal, and equal in size and shape, and whose sides are parallelograms.
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A geometric solid whose bases are congruent polygons lying in parallel planes and whose sides are parallelograms.
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A solid of this type, often made of glass with triangular ends, used to disperse light and break it up into a spectrum.
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A crystal form having 3, 4, 6, 8, or 12 faces parallel to the vertical axis and intersecting the horizontal axis.
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(1) (PhotoRefractive Information Storage Materials Consortium) A collaboration of IBM, Stanford University, GTE, Hughes Research Labs, Optitek, SRI International and Rockwell Science Center that is funded by the U.S. government's Advanced Research Projects Agency for the purpose of researching holographic storage.
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(geometry) A polyhedron with parallel ends of the same size and shape, the other faces being parallelogram-shaped sides.
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A transparent block in the shape of a prism (typically with triangular ends), used to split or reflect light.
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A crystal in which the faces are parallel to the vertical axis.
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A cut-glass object, such as a pendant of a chandelier.
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Anything that refracts light, as a drop of water.
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Origin of prism

  • Late Latin prīsma from Greek prīsma thing sawed off, prism from prīzein to saw variant of prīein

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • Late Latin prisma, from Ancient Greek πρίσμα (prisma, “something sawed"), from πρίζειν (prizein, “to saw").

    From Wiktionary