Both monarchs proceeded on the same lines; but Francis I.
Second, monarchs themselves often have only a financial risk in war.
His eldest son Alexander, who succeeded him in 1 454, was provost of Edinburgh in 1 455, 1 457 and 1469; he was knighted and held various important court offices under successive monarchs; at the time of his death in 1473 he was master of the household to James III.
In the past, political alliances were sealed by marriages among monarchs or nobles.
With the present complex forms of political and social life in Europe can any event that is not prescribed, decreed, or ordered by monarchs, ministers, parliaments, or newspapers be imagined?