Justice-of-the-peace definitions

An official, especially one associated with a town or county, with judicial power over certain civil cases involving small amounts of damages and certain criminal cases involving minor offenses, as well as exercising other limited powers, such as the power to perform marriages and to authorize arrests.
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In some states, a magistrate with jurisdiction over a small district, authorized to decide minor cases, commit persons to trial in a higher court, perform marriages, etc.
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A local official, not necessarily an attorney or judge, with jurisdiction over limited matters such as performing weddings or resolving minor civil or criminal complaints.
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A judicial officer with varying responsibilities depending on the country.
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