(usually uncountable, plural jades)
- (uncountable) A semiprecious stone either nephrite or jadeite, generally green or white in color, often used for carving figurines.
- 2012 March 1, Lee A. Groat, “Gemstones”, American Scientist, volume 100, number 2, page 128:
- Although there are dozens of different types of gems, among the best known and most important are diamond, ruby and sapphire, emerald and other gem forms of the mineral beryl, chrysoberyl, tanzanite, tsavorite, topaz and jade.
- A grayish shade of green, typical of jade stones.
- Of a grayish shade of green, typical of jade stones.
From French le jade, error for earlier l'ejade (“jade”), from Spanish piedra de ijada (“flank stone”), via Vulgar Latin *iliata from Latin ilia (“flank”) (Jade was thought to cure pains in the side.).
- A horse too old to be put to work.
- A woman, especially in contempt.
(third-person singular simple present jades, present participle jading, simple past and past participle jaded)
- To tire, weary or fatigue
From Middle English, perhaps from Old Norse jalda (“mare”), which is from Finno-Ugric, related to Mordvin al'd'a. .
- A female given name.
From jade, taken into general use in the 1970s.