By the end of July, after the hard-won victory of Milazzo, the whole island, with the exception of the citadel of Messina and a few unimportant ports, was in his hands.
After the hard-won victory over Mosailima, Omar, fearing that the sayings of the prophet would be entirely forgotten when those who had listened to them had all been removed by death, induced Abu-Bekr to see to their preservation in a written form.
The situation was critical, for the hard-won domains of the house of Capet seemed likely to fall to pieces during a minority.
of the German Empire in the west by the Thirty Years' War, presented Poland with an unprecedented oppor tunity of consolidating, once for all, her hard-won position as the dominating power of central Europe.
In 203 he was proconsul in Upper Italy, where, in conjunction with the praetor P. Quintilius Varus, he gained a hard-won victory over Mago, Hannibal's brother, in Insubrian territory, and obliged him to leave Italy.