- croft (British)
- estancia (Spanish American)
- experiment station
- collective farm
- to rent (land, a business, etc.) in return for a fixed payment
- to send (work) from a shop, office, etc. to workers on the outside
Other Word Forms of Farm
Idioms, Phrasal Verbs Related to Farm
Origin of Farm
From Middle English ferme, farme (“rent, revenue, produce, factor, stewardship, meal, feast”), from Anglo-Norman ferme (“rent, lease, farm”), from Medieval Latin ferma, firma), from Old English feorm, fearm, farm (“provision, food, supplies, provisions supplied by a tenant or vassal to his lord, rent, possessions, stores, feast, entertainment, haven”), from Proto-Germanic *fermō (“means of living, subsistence”), from Proto-Germanic *ferhwō, *ferhuz (“life force, body, being”), from Proto-Indo-European *perkʷ- (“life, force, strength, tree”). Cognate with Scots ferm (“rent, farm”). Related also to Old English feorh (“life, spirit”), German Ferch (“life, blood”), Icelandic fjör (“life, vitality, vigour, animation”), Gothic (fairƕus, “the world”). Compare also Old English feormehām (“farm”), feormere (“purveyor, grocer”).
Old English feorm is the origin of Medieval Latin ferma, firma (“farm", also "feast”) (whence also Old French ferme, Occitan ferma), instead of the historically assumed derivation from unrelated Latin firma (“firm, solid”), which shares the same form. The sense of "rent, fixed payment", which was already present in the Old English word, may have been further strengthened due to resemblance to Latin firmitas (“security, surety”). Additionally, Old French ferme continued to shape the development of the English word throughout the Middle English period .
Middle English lease, leased property from Old French ferme from Medieval Latin firma fixed payment from Latin firmāre to establish from firmus firm dher- in Indo-European roots
From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition
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