Cognate meaning

kŏgnāt
Frequency:
Related by blood; having a common ancestor.
adjective
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1
The definition of cognate is related by birth.

An example of cognate is the relationship between two siblings.

adjective
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Related in origin, as certain words in genetically related languages descended from the same ancestral root; for example, English name and Latin nōmen from Indo-European *nō̆-men-.
adjective
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Related or analogous in nature, character, or function.
adjective
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One related by blood or origin with another, especially a person sharing an ancestor with another.
noun
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A word related to one in another language.
noun
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A sequence of university courses taken as an adjunct to a graduate degree program.

Earned an MA in linguistics with a cognate in computer science.

noun
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Related by family; having the same ancestor.
adjective
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Having the same nature or quality.
adjective
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Related through the same source; derived from a common original form.

English “apple” and German “apfel” are cognate words; French and Spanish are cognate languages.

adjective
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A cognate word, language, or thing.
noun
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Allied by blood; kindred by birth; specifically (law) related on the mother's side.
adjective
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Of the same or a similar nature; of the same family; proceeding from the same stock or root; allied; kindred.
adjective
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(linguistics) Either descended from the same attested source lexeme of an ancestor language, or held on the grounds of the methods of historical linguistics to be regular reflexes of the unattested, reconstructed form of a proto-language.

English mother is cognate to Greek μητέρα (mētéra), German Mutter, Russian мать (mat’) and Persian مادر (madar).

In English, queen is cognate to quean, both of which are cognate to Russian жена (žená), Icelandic kona and Irish bean.

In English, shirt is cognate to skirt, both descended from the Proto-Indo-European word *sker-, meaning "to cut".

adjective
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One of a number of things allied in origin or nature.
noun
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(law, dated) One who is related to another on the female side.
noun
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(law, dated) One who is related to another, both having descended from a common ancestor through legal marriages.
noun
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A word either descended from the same base word of the same ancestor language as the given word, or strongly believed to be a regular reflex of the same reconstructed root of proto-language as the given word.

English mother is a cognate of Greek μητέρα (mētéra), German Mutter, Russian мать (mat’) and Persian مادر (madar).

English queen and quean, Russian жена (žená), Icelandic kona and Irish bean are all cognates.

noun
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Origin of cognate

  • Latin cognātus co- co- gnātus born past participle of nāscī to be born genə- in Indo-European roots

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • From Latin cognātus (“related by blood”), from nātus (“born”).

    From Wiktionary