Catherine meaning

kathərin, kathrin
A female given name.
pronoun
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(person, proper) A feminine name: dim. Cathy, Kate, Kathy, Kit, Kitty; var. Catharine; equiv. It. Caterina, Ir. Kathleen, Russ. Ekaterina, Scand. Karen, Sp. Catalina, Catarina.
noun
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(person) (4th cent. a.d.); Christian martyr of Alexandria: her day is Nov. 25
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(person) (1347-80); It. Dominican: her day is April 29
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(person) 1684?-1727; wife of Peter the Great; empress of Russia (1725-27)
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(person) 1729-96; German-born empress of Russia (1762-96)
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Origin of catherine

  • From French Catherine, from Ancient Greek Αἰκατερίνη (Aikaterinē), *Ἑκατερίνη (Hekaterine), of debated meaning, possibly from ἑκάτερος (hekateros, “each of the two”), or from the name of the goddess Hecate. The spelling with 'h' in Latin languages, German and English, is due to a folk etymology, dating from Roman times, which associated the name with the Ancient Greek καθαρός (katharos, “pure”). The name belonged to a 4th-century saint and martyr from Alexandria who was tortured on the wheel.

    From Wiktionary