The result was the system of four castes (varna, i.e."
Bengalis, whether Brahmans or of other castes, frequently go bareheaded.
Risley, Tribes and Castes of Bengal (1891); C. E.
These castes, as well as the mandarins, who form a class by themselves, are exempt from tax or forced service.
The number of half-castes is remarkably small, at the census of 1904 the number of " mixed and others," which The following is the official estimate of the population on the 31st of December 1908: Europeans 91,443, natives 998,264 (including 7386 " mixed and others "), Asiatics 116,679; total 1,206,386.