By meaning

Up to and beyond; past.

We drove by the house.

preposition
21
10
Aside; away.

We put it by for later.

adverb
18
9
By means near or next to, and it also means through which.

An example of by is a red house set adjacent to a green house.

An example of by is the author of a novel.

preposition
13
5
Produced with (the other parent)

A son by my first husband.

preposition
8
3
Following in series.

Marching two by two.

preposition
8
3
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Close by; near.

Bystander.

affix
5
0
Away; aside.

We have put money by.

adverb
5
1
At or to one's home or current location.

Stop by later today.

adverb
3
0
Near in space; beside; at.

Stand by the wall.

preposition
3
1
In behalf of.

He did well by his friends.

preposition
3
1
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The definition of by is in the immediate region, or to go past something.

An example of by is how one describes the closeness of a church down the street.

An example of by is a bike passing a walker on the street.

adverb
3
2
Close to; next to.

The window by the door.

preposition
3
2
With respect to (a given category)

A lawyer by profession.

preposition
3
3
Not later than.

By 5:30 pm .

preposition
2
0
In the name of.

Swore by the Bible to tell the truth.

preposition
2
0
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Budget year.
abbreviation
2
0
By.

Bygone.

prefix
2
0
adjective
2
0
In the vicinity, near.

There was a shepherd close by.

The shop is hard by the High Street.

adverb
2
0
Into the past.

As years go by.

adverb
2
1
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Close in passing; past.

The car sped by.

adverb
2
1
On the side; secondary; incidental to the main.

Byproduct.

affix
2
1
In the period of; during.

Sleeping by day.

preposition
1
0
Through the agency or action of.

Was killed by a bullet.

preposition
1
0
On hand; nearby.

Stand by.

adverb
1
0
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Up to, alongside, and past.

The car raced by.

adverb
1
0
Secondary, incidental.

Byway.

prefix
1
0
Toward.

North by northwest.

preposition
1
0
At the place specified or understood.

Stop by on your way home.

adverb
1
0
Near or next to.

The mailbox is by the bus stop.

preposition
1
0
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Indicates the creator of a work Existing through the authorship etc of.

There are many well-known plays by William Shakespeare.

preposition
1
0
Indicates the cause of a condition or event Through the action of, caused by, responsibility for; by dint of.
preposition
1
0
Indicates a means Involving/using the means of.

I avoided the guards by moving only when they weren't looking.

preposition
1
0
Indicates a source of light (medium emanating from hot sources)
preposition
1
0
Indicates a rule followed Using the rules or logic of.

I sorted the items by category.

preposition
1
0
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Indicates the amount of some progression With a change of.

Our stock is up by ten percent.

preposition
1
0
In the formulae X by X and by Xs, indicates a steady progression, one X after another.

We went through the book page by page.

We crawled forward by inches.

preposition
1
0
Indicates a referenced source According to.

He cheated by his own admission.

preposition
1
0
Indicates an oath With the authority of.

By Jove! I think she's got it!

By all that is holy, I'll put an end to this.

preposition
1
0
Used to separate dimensions when describing the size of something.

It is easy to invert a 2-by-2 matrix.

The room was about 4 foot by 6 foot.

The bricks used to build the wall measured 10 by 20 by 30 cm.

preposition
1
0
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Along a path which runs by the speaker.

I watched as it passed by.

adverb
1
0
To or at a place, as a residence or place of business.

I'll stop by on my way home from work.

We're right near the lifeguard station. Come by before you leave.

adverb
1
0
Aside, away.

The women spent much time after harvest putting jams by for winter and spring.

adverb
1
0
Out of the way, subsidiary.
adjective
1
0
(card games) A pass.
noun
1
0
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Alternative spelling of bye.
interjection
1
0
The ISO 3166-1 two-letter (alpha-2) code for Belarus.
symbol
1
0
Bavaria, a federal state of Germany.
symbol
1
0
Habitation when used as a suffix to many placenames.
suffix
1
0
The ccTLD for Belarus as assigned by the IANA.
abbreviation
1
0
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With the use or help of; through.

We came by the back road.

preposition
1
1
At or to.

Stopped by the bakery; came by the house.

preposition
1
1
Used to indicate a succession of specified individuals, groups, or quantities.

One by one they left. They were persuaded little by little.

preposition
1
1
Using (the given number) as multiplier or divisor.
preposition
1
1
Close at hand; near.

Stand by.

adverb
1
1
Side.

Bystreet.

affix
1
1
At some time before (the given time), or before the end of a given time interval.

Be back by ten o'clock!

We will send it by the first week of July.

preposition
1
1
Indicates the actor in a clause with its verb in the passive voice Through the action or presence of.

The matter was decided by the chairman.

The boat was swamped by the water.

He was protected by his body armour.

preposition
1
1
by oneself
  • Without company; alone:
    Went by herself.
  • Without help:
    Wrote the book by myself.
idiom
1
0
by and by
  • immediately
  • after a short while; soon
  • sooner or later; eventually
idiom
1
0
by and large
  • on the whole; considering everything
idiom
1
0
by oneself
  • alone; solitary
  • unaided
idiom
1
0
by the by
  • incidentally
idiom
2
0

Origin of by

  • < by

    From Webster's New World College Dictionary, 5th Edition

  • Middle English from Old English bī, be ambhi in Indo-European roots

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • . + ISO 3166-1 country code for Belarus, by.

    From Wiktionary

  • From Old English (“being near”).

    From Wiktionary

  • From a Norse language

    From Wiktionary