Origin of BabylonClassical Latin from Classical Greek Babyl?n from Classical Hebrew (language) bavel: see Babel
ancient city on the lower Euphrates River (in what is now central Iraq), the capital of Babylonia: noted for wealth, luxury, and wickedness
The capital of ancient Babylonia in Mesopotamia on the Euphrates River. Established as capital c. 1750 BC and rebuilt in regal splendor by Nebuchadnezzar II after its destruction (c. 689 BC) by the Assyrians, Babylon was the site of the Hanging Gardens, one of the Seven Wonders of the World.
- A city or place of great luxury, sensuality, and often vice and corruption.
- A place of captivity or exile.
- Alexander returns to Babylon, is crowned with much pomp and mass is celebrated.
- Epiphanius (Vitae prophetarum) says that he came up from Babylon while still young, prophesied the return, witnessed the building of the temple and received an honoured burial near the priests.
- Occidental geographers, however, have followed the Greek use, and so to-day we call the river of Babylon or Nahr Sura the Euphrates and the older westerly channel the Hindieh canal.
- The right arm was the original bed, and the left arm, on which Babylon was built, the artificial deviation, as is clear from the cuneiform inscriptions.
- Under the Arabs the old designation again prevailed and the Euphrates is always described by the Arabian geographers as the river which flows direct to Kufa, while the present stream, passing along the ruins of Babylon to Hillah and Diwanieh, has been universally known as the Nahr Sura.