Origin of BabyloniaClassical Latin from Classical Greek Babyl?nia from Babyl?n: see Babylon
ancient empire in SW Asia, in the lower valley of the Tigris & Euphrates rivers: it flourished c. 2100-689 and again, as Chaldea or “New Babylonia,” c. 625-538
An ancient empire of Mesopotamia in the Euphrates River valley. It flourished under Hammurabi and Nebuchadnezzar II but declined after 562 BC and fell to the Persians in 539.
Babylon + -ia
- In the year 597 (being then, probably, not far from thirty years of age) he was carried off to Babylonia by Nebuchadrezzar with King Jehoiachin and a large body of nobles, military men and artisans, and there, it would seem, he spent the rest of his life.
- On the one hand, he regards him as supreme in power, controlling the destinies of Babylonia and Egypt as well as those of Israel, and as inflexibly just in dealing with ordinary offences against morality.
- Maintained himself in a part of Babylonia till about A.D.
- A little south of Samarra the stony plateau of Mesopotamia ends, and the alluvial plain of Irak, ancient Babylonia, begins.
- The latter enterprise Alexander designed to conduct in person; under his supervision was prepared in Babylon an immense fleet, a great basin dug out to contain 1000 ships, and the watercommunications of Babylonia taken in hand.