Origin of autismaut(o)- + -ism
A disorder that causes a child to be severely developmentally delayed in communication and social skills before he is three years old is an example of autism.
(usually uncountable, plural autisms)
Coined in 1912 by Swiss psychiatrist Paul Bleuler (1857-1939) from Latin autismus, from Ancient Greek αὐτός (autos, “self”).
autism - Medical Definition
- au·tis′tic (-tĭk)
- The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has developed the Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network (ADDM), which is an effort to find the number of people in the United States that have autism spectrum disorders.
- There is a significant segment of the autism community that argues that vaccinations are still a possible cause of autism despite the 2009 vaccine court ruling and the discredited 1998 Lancet study, and demand more research into the matter.
- Early diagnosis and intervention can make a substantial difference in the future development and abilities of children with autism, so knowing the signs can be the best first step towards helping a child reach his or her greatest potential.
- About 33 to 50 percent of all tuberous sclerosis patients have problems such as learning disabilities, severe mental retardation, attention deficit disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, autism, aggression, rage, or self-harming behavior.
- Some theories about the causes of autism look to environmental factors while others focus on genetics as the source of the developmental disorders, and others see a possible combination of genetic predisposition and environmental triggers.