(third-person singular simple present abases, present participle abasing, simple past and past participle abased)
- (archaic) To lower physically or depress; to stoop; to throw or cast down; as, to abase the eye. [First attested from around (1350 to 1470)]
- To lower, as in rank, office, condition in life, so as to hurt feelings or cause pain; to depress; to humiliate; to humble; to degrade. [First attested from around (1350 to 1470)]
From Middle English abaisse, abesse, abessen, abaishen, abassen, from Middle French abaisser, from Old French abaissier (“bring low”), from Old French a- + baissier (“to lower”), from Vulgar Latin abbassiāre (“to lower”), from Medieval Latin bassus (“short of stature, low, humble”).