- UPS is an abbreviation for United Parcel Service.
An example of UPS is a worldwide shipping service.
ups - Computer Definition
A device or system that provides electrical power without interruption in the event that commercial power drops to an unacceptable voltage level. A UPS comprises circuitry and batteries that may provide power just long enough to shut down a computer or other system gracefully, without loss of data, or perhaps for many hours of normal operation in the event of a catastrophic commercial power failure. A typical UPS system operates in a hot standby, or offline, mode, continuously charging its batteries from a commercial power source and constantly prepared to assume responsibility within a few milliseconds for powering the client system. A more expensive online UPS actively filters commercial power, running it through the battery packs and an inverter, smoothing out the electrical waveforms and correcting for any power spikes and dips. See also inverter and waveform.
(Uninterruptible Power Supply) A device that provides battery backup when the electrical power fails or drops to an unacceptable voltage level. Small UPS systems provide power for a few minutes; enough to power down the computer in an orderly manner, while larger systems have enough battery for several hours. In mission critical datacenters, UPS systems are used for just a few minutes until electrical generators take over. UPS systems can be set up to alert file servers to shut down in an orderly manner when an outage has occurred, and the batteries are running out. Surge Suppression and Voltage Regulation A surge protector filters out surges and spikes, and a voltage regulator maintains uniform voltage during a brownout, but a UPS keeps a computer running when there is no electrical power. UPS systems typically provide surge suppression and may provide voltage regulation. See surge suppression. Standby and Line Interactive A standby UPS, also called an "offline UPS," is the most common type of UPS found in a computer or office supply store. It draws current from the AC outlet and switches to battery within a few milliseconds after detecting a power failure. The line interactive UPS "interacts" with the AC power line to smooth out the waveforms and correct the rise and fall of the voltage. Online UPS The online UPS is the most advanced and most costly UPS. The inverter is continuously providing clean power from the battery, and the computer equipment is never receiving power directly from the AC outlet. However, online units contain cooling fans, which do make noise and may require some location planning for the home user or small office.