- Historical in England, a parish or division of a parish, as a unit of territory and administration
- in parts of the U.S. and Canada, a division of a county, constituting a unit of local government with administrative control of local schools, roads, etc.
- in New England, town (sense )
- a unit of territory in the U.S. land survey, generally six miles square, containing 36 mile-square sections, and sometimes, but not necessarily, coextensive with a governmental township
- in South Africa, a segregated, nonwhite area in or just outside a city
Origin: Middle English tunscipe from OE, people living inch(es) a tun: see town and amp; -ship
Used by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
noun Abbr. Twp. or Tp. or T
- A subdivision of a county in most northeast and Midwest U.S. states, having the status of a unit of local government with varying governmental powers.
- A public land surveying unit of 36 sections or 36 square miles.
- An ancient administrative division of a large parish in England.
- A racially segregated area in South Africa established by the government as a residence for people of color.