The city of Athens, Greece.Licensed from iStockPhoto
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- The capital and largest city of Greece, in the eastern part of the country near the Saronic Gulf. It was at the height of its cultural achievements and imperial power in the fifth century B.C. during the time of Pericles. Athens became the capital of modern Greece in 1834, two years after the country achieved its independence from Turkey. Population: 745,000.
- A city of northeast Georgia east-northeast of Atlanta. It was founded in 1785 as the site of the University of Georgia, which was chartered that year and established in 1801. Population: 112,000.
athens - Computer Definition
An earlier prototype of a PC that integrated telephony functions. Unveiled by Microsoft and HP in the spring of 2003, an Athens PC included a telephone handset, video camera and keyboard buttons for common functions. The machine was quieter, smaller and sleeker than the PC of that era, somewhat reminiscent of Apple's G4 Cube. Athens included a large, wide screen LCD display and connected to the company PBX.
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Athens - Cultural Definition
Capital of Greece in east-central Greece on the plain of Attica, overlooking an arm of the Mediterranean Sea. Named after its patron goddess, Athena, Athens is Greece's largest city and its cultural, administrative, and economic center.
- In the fifth century b.c., Athens was one of the world's most powerful and highly civilized cities (see also under “World History to 1550”).
- As the cultural center of Greece, ancient Athens was home to influential writers and thinkers such as Aristophanes, Euripides, Socrates, and Plato.
- Its principal landmark is the Acropolis, on which stands the remains of the Parthenon and other buildings.
A leading city of ancient Greece, famous for its learning, culture, and democratic institutions. The political power of Athens was sometimes quite limited, however, especially after its defeat by Sparta in the Peloponnesian War. Pericles was a noted ruler of Athens. (See also under “World Geography.”)