ancient city in the S Peloponnesus, Greece: a powerful military city in Laconia
A city-state of ancient Greece in the southeast Peloponnesus. Settled by Dorian Greeks, it was noted for its militarism and reached the height of its power in the sixth century BC. A protracted rivalry with Athens led to the Peloponnesian Wars (460-404) and Sparta's hegemony over all of Greece. Its ascendancy was broken by Thebans in 371.
From Doric Ancient Greek Î£Ï€Î¬ÏÏ„Î± (SpÃ¡rtÄ) (Attic Î£Ï€Î¬ÏÏ„Î· (SpÃ¡rtÄ“)).