ancient city in the S Peloponnesus, Greece: a powerful military city in Laconia
A city-state of ancient Greece in the southeast Peloponnesus. Settled by Dorian Greeks, it was noted for its militarism and reached the height of its power in the sixth century BC. A protracted rivalry with Athens led to the Peloponnesian Wars (460–404) and Sparta's hegemony over all of Greece. Its ascendancy was broken by Thebans in 371.
From Doric Ancient Greek Σπάρτα (Spártā) (Attic Σπάρτη (Spártē)).