Philip IIPhilip II
King of Macedon (359-336) who defeated a Greek coalition at Chaeronea (338) and achieved a peace settlement in which all the states except Sparta participated. He was succeeded by his son Alexander the Great.
King of Spain (1556-1598), of Naples and Sicily (1554-1598), and of Portugal (1580-1598) as Philip I. His reign was marked by colonization of the Philippine Islands (which were named for him) and the defeat of the Spanish Armada (1588) after an unsuccessful attempt to invade England.