Origin of AthenaClassical Greek Ath?n?
The goddess of wisdom, the practical arts, and warfare, and the protector of cities, especially Athens.
Roman copy of a 5th-century bc Greek statue by Phidias
- But among the Greeks themselves the two works of Pheidias which far outshone all others, and were the basis of his fame, were the colossal figures in gold and ivory of Zeus at Olympia and of Athena Parthenos at Athens, both of which belong to about the middle of the 5th century.
- Before the east front was the altar of Athena Nike.
- (3) Athena Lemnia, so called because it had been dedicated by the Athenian cleruchies in Lemnos.
- According to the legend, Athena, who had invented the flute, threw it away in disgust, because it distorted the features.
- The northern portion of it consists of a lofty ridge with two summits, the westernmost of which is occupied by the modern town (985 ft.), while the easternmost, which is slightly higher, bears the name of Rock of Athena, owing to its identification in modern days with the acropolis of Acragas as described by Polybius, who places upon it the temple of Zeus Atabyrius (the erection of which was attributed to the half mythical Phalaris) and that of Athena.'