- a Muslim ruler
- the former monarch of Turkey
Origin of sultanFrench ; from Arabic sul??n, ruler, prince, origin, originally , dominion
- A ruler of a Muslim country, especially of the former Ottoman Empire.
- A powerful person: a sultan of vice and corruption.
Origin of sultanFrench, from Old French, ruler of Turkey, from Turkish, from Arabic sul&tlowdot;an, from Aramaic šul&tlowdot;ana, ruler, from š&schwa;la&tlowdot;, to rule; see šl&tlowdot; in Semitic roots.
- Originally, a secular office, formally subordinate to -, but de facto the power behind the throne of the (theoretically universal) caliph.
- A hereditary ruler in various Muslim states (sultanate), varying from petty principalities (as in Indonesia and in Yemen), often vassal of a greater ruler, to independent realms, such as Oman, Brunei, or an empire such as the Turkish Ottoman Empire.
- (card games) A variant of solitaire, played with two decks of cards.
- A breed of chicken originating in Turkey, kept primarily in gardens for ornamental reasons. See: sultan (chicken)