A metalworker, especially one who works metal when it is hot and malleable. Often used in combination: a silversmith; a goldsmith.
One who makes or works at something specified. Often used in combination: a locksmith; a wordsmith.
Origin: Middle English, from Old English.
, Adam 1723-1790.
Scottish political economist and philosopher. His Wealth of Nations (1776) laid the foundations of classical free-market economic theory.
, Alfred Emanuel Known as “the Happy Warrior.” 1873-1944.
American politician. He served as governor of New York (1919-1920 and 1923-1928) and was defeated in the 1928 presidential election by Herbert Hoover.
, Bessie 1894?-1937.
American singer and songwriter who became a leading blues performer in the 1920s and made nearly 200 recordings, often with musicians such as Louis Armstrong and Benny Goodman.
(click for a larger image)
photographed in 1936 by Carl Van Vechten (1880-1964)
, David 1906-1965.
American sculptor who is best known for his use of scrap and welded metal and for his Medals of Dishonor (1940), a series of bronze relief plaques which depict his opposition to violence and greed.
, Hamilton Othanel Born 1931.
American microbiologist. He shared a 1978 Nobel Prize for the discovery of restriction enzymes and their application to molecular genetics.
, Hannah Whitall 1832-1911.
American evangelist, writer, and reformer who was a founder of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union (1874).
, Ian Douglas 1919-2007.
Zimbabwean politician who became prime minister of Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) in 1964 and unilaterally declared independence from Great Britain in 1965, at which time the country was renamed Rhodesia. He remained prime minister until 1979.
, Jedediah Strong 1799-1831.
American trader and explorer who opened a number of trade routes throughout the West.
, John 1580?-1631.
English colonist, explorer, and writer whose maps and accounts of his explorations in Virginia and New England were invaluable to later explorers and colonists.
, Joseph 1805-1844.
American religious leader. He founded (1830) the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and led his congregation westward from New York State to western Illinois, where he was murdered by an anti-Mormon mob.
, Julia Evelina 1792-1886.
American suffragist. With her sister Abby Hadassah Smith (1797-1878) she became famous for refusing to pay taxes until she could vote.
, Kathryn Elizabeth Known as “Kate.” 1909-1986.
American singer noted especially for her rendition of Irving Berlin's “God Bless America,” first performed in 1938.
, Margaret Chase 1897-1995.
American politician who served as U.S. representative (1940-1949) and senator (1949-1973) from Maine.
, Michael 1932-2000.
British-born Canadian biochemist who developed a method for making a specific genetic mutation at any spot on a DNA molecule. He shared a 1993 Nobel Prize in chemistry.