An example of a sluice is a gate that holds water back in a flood.
- an artificial channel or passage for water, having a gate or valve at its head to regulate the flow, as in a canal or millstream
- the water held back by or passing through such a gate
- a gate or valve used in opening or closing a sluice; floodgatealso sluice gate
- any channel, esp. one for excess water
- ⌂ a sloping trough or flume through which water is run, as in washing gold ore, carrying logs, etc.
Origin of sluiceMiddle English scluse ; from Old French escluse and amp; Late Latin exclusa ; from feminine past participle of Classical Latin excludere, to shut out, exclude
- to draw off by or as by means of a sluice
- Mining to wash with water flowing in or from a sluice
- to wash off with a rush of water: to sluice a deck with hoses
- ⌂ to carry (logs, etc.) in a sluice
- a. An artificial channel for conducting water, with a valve or gate to regulate the flow: sluices connecting a reservoir with irrigated fields.b. A valve or gate used in such a channel; a floodgate: open sluices to flood a dry dock. Also called sluice gate.
- A body of water impounded behind a floodgate.
- A sluiceway.
- A long inclined trough, as for carrying logs or separating gold ore.
verbsluiced, sluic·ing, sluic·es
- To flood or drench with or as if with a flow of released water.
- To wash with water flowing in a sluice: sluicing sediment for gold.
- To draw off or let out by a sluice: sluice floodwater.
- To send (logs, for example) down a sluice.
Origin of sluiceMiddle English scluse, from Old French escluse, from Late Latin excl&umacron;sa, from Latin, feminine past participle of excl&umacron;dere, to shut out; see exclude.
- An artificial passage for water, fitted with a valve or gate, as in a mill stream, for stopping or regulating the flow; also, a water gate or flood gate.
- Hence, an opening or channel through which anything flows; a source of supply.
- Each sluice of affluent fortune opened soon. -Harte.
- This home familiarity . . . opens the sluices of sensibility. -I. Taylor.
- The stream flowing through a flood gate.
- (mining) A long box or trough through which water flows, used for washing auriferous earth.
- (linguistics) An instance of wh-stranding ellipsis, or sluicing.
(third-person singular simple present sluices, present participle sluicing, simple past and past participle sluiced)
- (rare) To emit by, or as by, flood gates. -Milton.
- To wet copiously, as by opening a sluice; as, to sluice meadows. Howitt.
- He dried his neck and face, which he had been sluicing with cold water. -De Quincey.
- To wash with, or in, a stream of water running through a sluice; as, to sluice earth or gold dust in a sluice box in placer mining.
- To elide the C` in a coordinated wh-question